One of the largest and most vibrant city of modern India is the CITY OF JOY, namely Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta.This relatively modern city on the Eastern bank of Hoogly river has a population of almost 4.5 million and over 14 million including the recent extensions making it the third largest urban agglomeration in India.
This city served as the capital of
There are contradicting views as to the origin of the name of this vibrant metropolitan. Probably the name
Though according to archeological discoveries it is evident that this place was inhabited for at least two millennia the modern city that we see now was mainly a result of the effort of the British to consolidate their foothold on
Kolkata is situated at an elevation ranging from 1.5 meters to 9 meteres in the Gangetic delta at 22.33N and 88.20East. The time zone Kolkata follows is +5.30 hrs .
It has a tropical climate with a mean annual temperature of 26.8 degrees centigrade and a mean monthly temperature ranging from 19 degree centigrade to 30 degree centigrade. Its monsoon is caused by the